The very first phones in the world
Before the appearance of the usual phones for us, their prototypes existed. But electric phones did not become the height of achievement, they were replaced by mobile (portable) phones, which have found wide application. Prototypes of the first phones An ancient prototype of a telephone existed among the Persian king in the sixth century BC. It was a service, which consisted of about thirty thousand people. They were called “royal ears” and, being located within earshot on the watchtowers and hilltops, they transmitted messages to the king and orders from him for great distances. The distance that a message could have been transmitted in a day was approximately equal to a thirty-day transition. Rope phone is a prototype of modern gadgets. Read: Russian stars over 40, which look better than you at 20. We also know about the prototype of the phone, created in 968 in China by the inventor named Kung-fuing. He transmitted sound through the pipes. For many centuries, known about the “rope” phones.
The lack of sound transmission in such ways is the attenuation of sound vibrations at large distances. To use these non-electric phones over long distances, one cannot do without intermediate points. Who invented the first electric phone For the first time the word “telephone” was used by Charles Bursel. He developed the idea of telephony, built on the properties of electricity, which he began to work on in 1849. The principle of action was set forth by him in the 1854th year in the dissertation, however, the mechanical engineer did not reach the practical application of his ideas. The first device, resembling a telephone, was invented by Charles Bursel. Read: 17 celebrities who have obvious problems with speech. Meucci called it a telecom. Soon, about this development of a little-known elderly inventor became known to the company Western Union. Taking advantage of the deplorable financial situation of the Italian researcher, this company bought all the drawings from him and promised to assist in the design of the patent. However, the second promise was never fulfilled. Meucci filed his own application, trying to patent a telephoto microphone, but she was not satisfied.
Patenting the telephoto microphone did not succeed. Read: How the stars look on Instagram and in real life In 1876, Bell Graham was the first to issue a patent, calling himself the inventor of the telephone. Meucci sued for a long time, and only in 1887 did the US court still recognize his primacy in the invention. However, the term of the patent of the Italian inventor by that time expired, which gave Western Union the right to continue production of telephones. So Meucci was left with nothing and died in poverty. The inventor of the first phone. Read: 10 Russian performers who came to success without the producer’s help. It is known that Bell’s patented phone had no call, but the call was made through the receiver through a whistle. It is known that he, being a religious person, believed in the ability to communicate by telephone with the souls of deceased relatives. The first portable (portable) phone The prototype of the first mobile phone is apparently far from today’s familiar small and light devices. For the first time a mobile phone was introduced in 1973. It was cumbersome and heavy, it worked from one battery, because of which the time of its work was not very short. The cost of the first mobile phone was unacceptable for the ordinary citizen. The first mobile phone is big and uncomfortable. Read: Can you survive in Russia?
Test The inventor of the first device presented is Martin Cooper. It should be noted that by that time several technical leading companies had already worked on the creation of a mobile phone in parallel, however, Cooper had time to complete work earlier than others. Outwardly, the first mobile phone looked more like a mobile payphone: a handset was connected to the power source by means of a long wire. The device was in a large shoulder bag. The very first phones After the world saw the phone invented by Martin Cooper, about ten more different models were invented. In the usual form for us, the phone was invented by the world-famous company MOTOROLA. The first prototype could work in standby mode for about eight hours and weighed about one kilogram. The first commercial mobile phone is named MOTOROLA DynaTAC 8000X. He was able to memorize thirty numbers, weighed eight hundred grams and cost almost four thousand dollars. The company spent at least a hundred million dollars on its development, the work was carried out for about ten years. His battery lasted only an hour of conversation, while charging lasted as much as ten hours. The first phone MOTOROLA Read: 8 of the most prolific beauties of Hollywood In the 1989th year, the same company introduced a new model – Motorola MicroTAC. It cost three thousand dollars.